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To help you better understand your lawn, here are some helpful tips regarding your climate and its direct correlation to grass types.

Undesratdnign the correlation between climate and grass types can have a dramatic influence on your lawn, therefore, it is necessary to understand them before you proceed. At Paradigm Hydroseed, we have assembled this “cheat sheet” for growing a green lawn in your neck of the woods.

What Kind of Climate do you live in?

Most of us have a good idea of what kind of climate we live in simply because we live in it. Your lawn actually has a pretty good grasp on the climate in which it is growing as well. But unlike you, your lawn can’t turn on the air conditioning when it is too hot or put on a coat when it’s cold. Therefore, it’s important to understand how your climate affects your lawn, and what lawn is best suited for your climate and needs. Grasses are also categorized as either warm-season or cool-season grasses to better describe the weather they flourish in. We have characterized lawns in the United States by zones. Our goal is to help provide you with an idea of grasses that are more commonly grown in your zone. Therefore, you can decide from our “Table of Grasses” to determine which one may best fit your needs!

The Upper Northeast States & Eastern Canada (Zone 1)

Those of us in the Northeast region are quite familiar with our cold and long winter months, followed by a brief but hot and humid summer. Due to the lengthy cool and winter months, this area is almost exclusively best for cool-season grasses. The common exception may be along the coastlines, which can support milder and warm-season “coastal” grasses. Mowing typically lasts form mid-spring through early fall, and watering is emphasized during hot and dry summer months. Planting of cool-season grasses typically takes place during the early fall and late-spring months. Conversely, warm-season grasses are typically planted in the early summer months. Grasses commonly found here: Kentucky Bluegrass, Bent grasses, Fescues, and Ryegrasses. Hydroseeding with Paradigm Hydroseed can dramatically improve the success rate for a healthy green lawn.

Florida, Gulf Region, Hawaii Climates (Zone 2)

In this region, grass tends to grow and flourish year-round. Due to the high amount of rainfall and warmer temperatures, Warm Season Grasses are best for this area. Planting grass typically takes place year round, as does mowing. Warm Season Grasses grow at their best during the late spring and early summer. Therefore, it is suggested to plant in early or late spring. Grasses commonly found here: Bermuda, Centipede, Bahia, St. Augustine, and Zoysia.

Mid-Central & Mid-Southeastern States & Mid-Central Canada (Zone 3)

Both warm-season and cool-season grasses thrive in this zone – due to transitional weather patterns in this zone. The elevation of your home’s location and the seasonal swings in temperature are important considerations when deciding on the best grass for your lawn. If you desire a green lawn year-round, it is recommended that you reseed your lawn with cool-season grass in the early fall or early spring. Watering and mowing also depend on the grass growth and will vary according to the type of grass and its seasonal properties. Planting warm-season grass typically is best done during the spring and early summer months. Grasses commonly found here: Bermuda, Tall Fescue, Zoysia, Ryegrass, and Kentucky Bluegrass.

Eastern Central, Southeast, Texas Regions (Zone 4)

Grass tends to grow in the Southern regions year-round and most of the year. As most know, the South can get hot and humid in and around the summer months. This can help the growth of warm-season grasses. However, in the Northern-most sections of Texas, warm season grasses may go dormant in the brief winter months. Mowing typically takes place year-round, with watering emphasized during the hot and dry summer months. Although planting can take place year-round, the best results come from planting in the late spring or early summer, just prior to heartiest growing months. Grasses commonly found here: Bermuda, Zoysia, Centipede, Tall Fescue, Kentucky Bluegrass, and St. Augustine.

Mid & Upper Mid-West (Zone 5)

The Midwest is known for its hard winters and humid summers. Wide temperature variations are quite frequent and can make growing a lawn very interesting – to say the least. In this area, you will typically find an array of Cool-Season grasses that can better handle variations in weather. You will typically find a lot of Kentucky bluegrass, fescues, and an occasional Bent Grass. Mowing usually takes place from mid-spring through mid-fall, with watering emphasized during times of drought or high heat. Planting typically takes place during the early spring or fall for cool-season grasses and early summer for warm-season Grasses. Grasses commonly found here: Kentucky Bluegrass, Bent grasses, Fescues, and Ryegrasses.

Mid-West, Upper-Midwest, Rocky Mountains, and Mid-Western Canada (Zone 6)

The Western and Great Plains areas are known for their cool winters, hot summers, high winds, and relatively dry climates. These conditions can be particularly damaging to many types of grasses. Cool-season grasses are commonly found in this area. Due to the dry conditions, grasses that handle drought and extreme weather fluctuations are ideal. However, with proper water exposure, some cool & warm season grasses can grow if properly maintained. Mowing typically lasts from early spring through late fall, with watering required for many non-drought tolerant grasses, and during hot summer months. Planting of cool-season grasses is common during late spring and early fall months. Conversely, warm-season grasses tend to plant best during the late-spring and early summer months. Grasses commonly found here: Native Grasses (Buffalo grass, Blue Grama, and Wheatgrasses), Fescues, Kentucky Bluegrass, Zoysia, and Bermuda.

Lower Southwestern States (Zone 7)

The lower-Southwest is known for its hot and dry weather. The summers tend to be long and the area often has water restrictions during the hot summer months, so water conservation is a consideration. Warm season grasses are almost exclusive here. Due to the extreme weather, some people even opt for rocks in their yards instead of grass. Mowing needs to be done year-round. Watering, although done year-round, is more heavily emphasized during the long, hot summer months. Sprinkler systems can be a good idea here. Planting is done year-round, but may be best in the late spring or early fall. Grasses commonly found here: Bermuda, St. Augustine, Zoysia, Tall Fescue, and Ryegrasses.

West Coastal States & Canada (Zone 8)

The West Coastal Region is known for its generally cool, mild weather and abundance of rain (except in the Southern regions of California). Summers are generally dry, and cool-season grasses tend to de best in this area. Mowing typically takes place year-round, with watering emphasized mostly in the Southern regions of the area. Additionally, droughts and water restrictions are becoming more common in the Southern regions of California, so tolerance to these conditions can be a factor in choosing the right grass. Planting usually takes place during the Mid-Spring or Fall Months. Grasses commonly found here: Fescues, Bentgrasses, Kentucky Bluegrasses, and Ryegrasses.

What kind of Grass do I have or want?

As previously stated, grasses are typically classified as either warm-season or cool-season grasses. Warm season grasses tend to grow and flourish best in the warmer climates, and the Cool-Season grasses in the cooler climates, hence their name. If anything, that is the baseline from which to start! Happy seeding! To learn more, CONTACT US today.

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